It belongs to the carrot and parsley family and is a cousin to other herbs such as caraway, dill and cumin. The fruits are used in cookery and sweet desserts.[25]. The bulb and leaves are used for culinary purposes. The seeds have moderate expectorant and antitussive properties; however, the antitussive actions are not as potent as anise, fennel’s cousin. Consume one teaspoon, up to four times a day. The fennel flowers are small, yellow flowers that grow in clusters. Fennel pollen is popular for use with spaghetti and other kinds of pasta. Many species in the family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae are superficially similar to fennel, and some, such as poison hemlock, are toxic, so it is unwise, and potentially extremely dangerous, to use any part of any of these plants as a herb or vegetable unless it can be positively identified as being edible. On account of its aromatic properties, fennel fruit forms one of the ingredients of the well-known compound liquorice powder. F. vulgare var. Prepare a delicious digestive chew by combining fennel seed, anise seed, cardamom seed, orange peel, and chopped, crystalized ginger. Fennel seeds are not considered dangerous; however, the essential oil can be toxic in high doses. The leaves of bulb fennel are just as tasty as those from herb fennel, and bulb fennel’s compact size make it an easy fit in small gardens. When taken as a nutritional supplement, fennel capsules can reduce common symptoms of menopause. This came from Old English fenol or finol, which in turn came from Latin feniculum or foeniculum, the diminutive of fenum or faenum, meaning "hay". As grouped by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, production data for fennel are combined with similar spices – anise, star anise, and coriander. Lomatium is an important historical food plant of Native Americans known as 'biscuit root'. The fennel plant is an erect herb with 4–5 hollow stems and distinctly divided feathery foliage. Fennel flowers can also help ease menstrual symptoms, improve mental health, benefit … Try these curated collections . Fennel, perennial herb of the carrot family grown for its aromatic shoots, leaves, and seeds. I’ve made an Italian olive oil cake with fennel pollen, used the pollen in soups and sauces, dusted it on meat and fish, and put it in a Greek fennel cookie I call Bacchus Biscuits. Culinary Uses: The seeds and essential oil have long been used as a flavoring agent in beverages, condiments, and foods. Internal use of the essential oil should be avoided by lactating women and children under the age of ten. Fennel holds its delicate flowers above a lacework of foliage. Fennel leaves are used in some parts of India as leafy green vegetables either by themselves or mixed with other vegetables, cooked to be served and consumed as part of a meal. Add it to salads, use it in our epic sausage and fennel pasta bake or discover its subtle flavour in this white wine chicken one-pot. [29] In 2014, India produced 60% of the world output of fennel, with China and Bulgaria as leading secondary producers (table). Tea: The seeds can be prepared as a standard infusion, cold infusion, or a decoction. (57)", "HESIOD, THE HOMERIC HYMNS, AND HOMERICA", "Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map". Other common names giant fennel meeting seed . This refers to the plant’s use as an appetite suppressant for weight loss or times of famine. It is also possible to eat the thicker stalks which sprout from the bulb, as they are similar to celery. Lomatium species tend to prefer dry rocky soils devoid of organic material. In Medieval times, fennel and St. Johnswort were hung over doors on Midsummer’s Eve to ward off evil spirits and prevent witchcraft. Fennel seeds were utilized as medicine for conditions of the lungs, kidneys, digestion, liver, spleen, and gallbladder. Garden care: The plant's tendency to self-seed may be a problem in hot summers. Fennel seed complements cathartic laxative and purgative compounds, as well as digestive bitter and cholagogue formulas. The Egyptians and the Chinese used it strictly for medicinal purposes and their lore was brought back to Europe by early traders. Fennel is used in many different cuisines, from Indian to Italian, to contemporary fusion, and all parts of the plant are used, including the leaves, seeds, and bulb. It is a highly aromatic and flavorful herb used in cooking and, along with the similar-tasting anise, is one of the primary ingredients of absinthe. Fennel leaves make a lovely, edible garnish and are used to season soups and sauces. Most Lomatium spp. [17], Fennel has become naturalized along roadsides, in pastures, and in other open sites in many regions, including northern Europe, the United States, southern Canada, and much of Asia and Australia. Place 2-4 drops of the essential oil into one teaspoon of base oil and massage into the belly (for adults); for children, only use one drop diluted in base oil and massage into the belly. azoricum, Common Name(s): Fennel, bronze fennel,bitter fennel, sweet fennel, fenkel, hinojo (Spanish), finocchio (Italian), shatapushpa (Sanskrit), xiao hui xiang (Chinese). The entire fennel plant is edible, leaves, stalk, bulb and seed and all parts have varying degrees of anise or licorice-like flavor and fragrance, the seed being the most potent. Fennel seed is one of the most effective digestive aids, having carminative, smooth muscle antispasmodic, and stomachic properties. Herb has been used as a breath freshening agent Azoricum Group ; syn Reference Guide to Western Botanical medicine muscle-relaxing... Is cultivated in temperate regions worldwide and Asia minor, fennel is being grown exclusively its... 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