In the late 1960s, West Germany developed the Kanonenjagdpanzer, essentially a modernized World War II Jagdpanzer mounting a 90 mm gun. Free shipping for many products! The Cruiser Mk VIII Challenger was a project to bring a 17 pdr tank into use to support the Cromwell cruiser tank. It has a large anti-tank cannon mounted on a flexible, tracked platform, which is capable of easily destroying enemy tanks, even punching through the heavy armour of Apocalypse tanksand ore miners. Only 11 of these were manufactured. Towed anti-tank guns were the domain of the Royal Artillery rather than the Royal Armoured Corps and vehicles adapted to mount artillery, including anti-tank self-propelled guns such as the Deacon (6pdr on an armoured wheeled truck chassis) and Archer (17pdr on tracked chassis), were their preserve, as were US-supplied vehicles. The thickness of the frontal armor plates is up to 50 mm. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. The Marder II tank destroyer was an attempt to solve the problem of the low mobility of towed anti-tank guns but, unfortunately for the Germans, it failed in many other aspects. Jagdpanzer (38t) Hetzer is a German Tier IV Tank Destroyer. For its place in history, the Jagdpanzer 38(t) remains the best of all the Panzerjagers then available to the German Army. Irwin, pp. One of these tank destroyers was the TACAM T-60 created on the hull of the Soviet T-60 light tank by removing its turret and adding a compartment together with a 76,2 FL-22 L/51 model 1936 gun. [9] In 1943, the Soviets also shifted all production of light tanks like the T-70 to much simpler and better-armed SU-76 self-propelled guns, which used the same drive train. It was employed in infantry support and offensive armored operations as well as in the defensive anti-tank role. The result was a number of attempts to make a light vehicle, including the conventional ASU-85, the recoilless rifle-armed Ontos, and missile-armed Hornet Malkara armored car and Sheridan light assault vehicle. All American tank destroyers were officially known by exactly the same collective term used for American self-propelled artillery ordnance, gun motor carriage. However, German authorities began to n The Semovente da 75/18, based on the M13/40 frame, was developed to support front-line infantry, and therefore has fixed armament: a 75 mm gun in casemate. In reality, German attacks effectively used combined arms on the ground, fighting cohesively. Wikimedia Commons has media related to World War II tank destroyers of Germany. [citation needed]. Durability: 415 HP. In addition, the improved layout of the fighting compartment finally allowed easy access to the ammunition. There have also been dedicated anti-tank vehicles built on ordinary armored personnel carrier or armored car chassis. In 1942 the General Staff agreed on investigating self-propelled mountings of the 6-pounder, 17-pounder, 3-inch 20cwt guns and the 25-pounder field gun/howitzer on the Matilda II, Valentine, Crusader and Cruiser Mark VII tank chassis. Jagdpanzer 38 (t) Based on Pz.I. Some provisions were made for the fitting of a 105 mm cannon, and many of the vehicles were modified to fire HOT or TOW missiles in place of a main gun. Pages in category "World War II tank destroyers of Germany" The following 18 pages are in this category, out of 18 total. With the development of flexible anti-tank missiles, which were capable of installation on almost any vehicle in the 1960s, the concept of the tank destroyer has morphed into light vehicles with missiles. [ 24 ] WW2 German Tank Destroyers (1939-1945), 10.5cm K gepanzerte Selbstfahrlafette IVa (Dicker Max), Self-Propelled Artillery (SPA) / Tank Destroyer (TD) Tracked Support Vehicle, 12.8 cm Selbstfahrlafette auf VK3001(H) (Sturer Emil), Heavy Tank Destroyer (TD) Tracked Support Vehicle, 5cm PaK auf Pz.Kpfw.II Sonderfahrgestell 901, 7.5cm PaK 40/1 auf Geschutzenwagen FCM(f) (Marder I), Aufklarungspanzerwagen 38 (2cm) (SdKfz 140/1), Armored Fast Reconnaissance Tank / Light Tank Destroyer, Geschutzpanzer 39H(f) 7.5cm PaK 40 Hotchkiss (Marder I), Tank Destroyer (TD) / Self-Propelled Artillery (SPA), Self-Propelled Assault Gun / Tank Destroyer (TD), SdKfz 173 Jagdpanther (Panzerjager V Jagdpanther), SdKfz 184 Panzerjager Tiger (P) (Ferdinand / Elephant), Heavy Tank Destroyer (HTD) Tracked Support Vehicle, Tank Destroyer (TD) / Self-Propelled Assault Gun Tracked Support Vehicle, Tank Destroyer / Assault Artillery Vehicle, Self-Propelled Gun (SPG) / Tank Destroyer (TD). No details if this will be the free Christmas gift tank or if it will be available with Holiday lootboxes. Most of the tank-hull based designs used special open-topped turrets of a differing design to the original tank it was based on, which was meant to both save weight and to accommodate a larger gun. Built on the same frame, the Semovente da 105/25 was equipped with a 105 mm gun and known as "bassotto" (Italian for dachshund) due to its lower height. Of these tank destroyers, only the 90 mm gun of the M36 proved effective against the frontal armor of Germans' larger armored vehicles at long range. As the crew abandoned their vehicle, they were easy targets for enemy machinegun fire. The M18 came closest to the US ideal; the vehicle was very fast, small, and mounted a 76 mm gun in a roofless open turret. Before the Semovente da 75/18, the L40, built on an L6/40 frame, saw action in Africa and in Russia, but with disappointing results. Many forces' infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs) carry anti-tank missiles in every infantry platoon, and attack helicopters have also added anti-tank capability to the modern battlefield. 35 in the Romanian army) and adding to it a compartment together with a Soviet 76.2mm ZiS-3 gun. Italy and Spain use the Italian-built Centauro, a wheeled tank destroyer with a 105 mm cannon. The Panzerselbstfahrlafette Ic., a new German Tier IV tank destroyer is rolling to the Supertest. Two planned tank destroyers were the TACAM R-1 and the TACAM T-38. Dedicated anti-tank vehicles made their first major appearance in the Second World War as combatants developed effective armored vehicles and tactics. [2] Eliminating the turret let the vehicle carry thicker armor, and also let this armour be concentrated in the hull. This monster German tank destroyer featured a 128mm gun that could stop any armored vehicle on the battlefield and penetrate almost any bunker. However, the lack of a rotating turret limited the gun's traverse to a few degrees. The Jagdpanther combined the 8.8 cm Pak 43 cannon, similar to the main gun of the Tiger II, and the armor and suspension of the Panther chassis. Tank Destroyers do exactly what they say on the tin – destroy Tanks. Today the German Pz.Sfl. German tank destroyers based on the Panzer III and later German tanks were unique in that they had more armor than their tank counterparts. Similarly, Panzer II tanks were used on the eastern front. Flanking fire by TDs was emphasized, both to penetrate thinner enemy side armor, and to reduce the likelihood of accurate enemy return fire. Dedicated anti-tank vehicles made their first major appearance in the Second World War as combatants developed effective armored vehicles and tactics. Based on Pz.III. Another tank destroyer was the Mareşal, which is credited with being the inspiration for the German Jagdpanzer 38(t). From there a project was born, which tried to create a tank hunter that would be extremely well-protected over an existing, readily available captured light tan… During World War 2, the Romanians made some tank destroyers by removing the turrets of some of their tanks and adding a compartment and a stronger gun that could face the new Soviet tanks that were much stronger than the Romanian ones. The most famous Italian tank destroyer of the Second World War was technically not a tank destroyer, but self-propelled artillery. It entered service in 1944 during the later stages of the war on the Eastern and Western Fronts. While there was a general move to a general purpose gun that was usable against both tanks and in supporting infantry, there was a need to put the 17 pdr into a tank for use against the enemy's heavy tanks. Fitted with a 30W FuG 8 radio set. Atglen, PA: Schiffer. Third Axis, Fourth Ally: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941-1945. After hard lessons early in the war, machine guns were mounted for use against infantry, but the limited traverse of the mounting meant that they were still less effective than those used on turreted tanks. The Hellcats of the … Later, after encountering Soviet tanks, it was refitted with a comparatively short-barreled high-velocity anti-tank gun, usually with a muzzle brake, enabling it to function as a tank destroyer. There are a total of [ 42 ] WW2 Tank Destroyers (1939-1945)entries in the Military Factory. The German Army had more success with the Jagdpanther. German engineers proved adept in developing Tank Destroyers from obsolete combat vehicles, designing all-new types from proven chassis and running gear. This meant that the driver normally had to turn the entire tank onto its target, a much slower process than simply rotating a powered turret. Some gun-armed tank destroyers remain in use. Some were little more than stopgap solutions, mounting an anti-tank gun on a tracked vehicle to give mobility, while others were more sophisticated designs. [citation needed]. Tanks are armoured fighting vehicles designed for front-line combat, combining operational mobility and tactical offensive and defensive capabilities; tanks perform all primary tasks of the armoured troops. The Laffly W15 TCC (Chasseur de char) was an attempt to quickly build a light tank destroyer by mounting a 47 mm SA37 anti-tank gun onto a lightly armored Laffly W15T artillery tractor. An example of the development of tank destroyer technology throughout the war are the Marder III and Hetzer vehicle, that were very different in spite of being based on the same chassis: Marder was … The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. The latest entry into that category is the 2S25 Sprut-SD, armed with a current-issue 125 mm tank gun that is also capable of launching missiles like the 9M119 Svir. These upgraded variants remained in service into the 1990s.[18]. Except for most American designs, tank destroyers were all turretless and had fixed or casemate superstructures. Tank destroyers (also known as TDs for short) are specialized armored fighting vehicles designed specifically for destroying heavily armored tanks. All of them had to be transported by rail because they were 128,000 pounds and few bridges could hold them. The Soviets produced high numbers of the 85 mm SU-85 and 100 mm SU-100 self-propelled guns based on the same chassis as the T-34 medium tank; the heavier-duty powertrain and hull of the IS-2 heavy tank were instead used to produce the heavier-hitting 122 mm-armed ISU-122 and 152 mm-armed ISU-152, both of which had impressive anti-tank capabilities earning each of them the Russian nickname Zveroboy ("beast killer") for their ability to destroy German Tigers, Panthers and Elefants. To achieve this they tend to pack the biggest guns in their respective Tiers, and shred their opposition with either brutal alpha damage or high DPM values, as well as exceptional penetration. An example of the development of tank destroyer technology throughout the war are the Marder III and Jagdpanzer 38 vehicle, that were very different in spite of being based on the same chassis: Marder was straightforwardly an anti-tank gun on tracks whereas the Jagdpanzer 38 traded some firepower (its Pak 39, designed to operate within the confines of a fully armored fighting compartment, fires the same projectiles from a reduced propellant charge compared to Marder's Pak 40) for better armor protection and ease of concealment on the battlefield. The Jagdpanzer 38(t) "Hetzer" was developed from the PzKpfW 38(t) light tank which was itself derived from the original Czech LT vz 38 light tank design and took part in the latter stages of World War 2. For other uses, see. The ISU-152 built as a heavy assault gun, relied on the weight of the shell fired from its M-1937/43 howitzer to defeat tanks. This vehicle is based on a real vehicle and most probably will be released during Holiday Ops 2021, this December. In the 1950s the goal of providing airborne forces with a parachute-capable self-propelled anti-tank weapon led to the deployment of the M56 Scorpion and M50 Ontos. Even the largest and most powerful of German tank destroyers were found abandoned on the field after a battle, having been immobilized by one or more hits by high explosive (HE) or armor-piercing (AP) shells to the track or front drive sprocket.[8]. 61–62: Even the U.S. M4 Sherman could disable a Jagdpanther's track or fracture the front drive sprocket with a 75 mm HE shell. Another tank destroyer was the TACAM R-2 created by removing the turret of the R-2 light tank (name of the Czechoslovakian LT vz. The prototypes and plans were captured by the Soviets after they invaded Romania. There are a total of [ 24 ] WW2 German Tank Destroyers (1939-1945)entries in the Military Factory. It was also relatively lightly armoured and unable to attack air units. Mechanically more reliable than the Ferdinand/Elephant and the Köningstiger, armed with the 88 mm (3.5 inch) Pak 43 “Panzerknacker” and with 80 mm of 55 degree sloped armour (this presented 138 mm of thickness of armour to a shell fired horizontally at the front of the Jagdpanther) it was a formidable opponent for an… [6] If the vehicle became immobilized due to engine failure or track damage, it could not rotate its gun to counter opposing tanks, making it highly vulnerable to counterfire. They can be complemented by mobile units of AH-64 Apache helicopters armed with Hellfire antitank missiles. The Panzerjäger series continued up to the 88 mm equipped Nashorn. As with the Germans of 1943, most of the Soviet designs mounted anti-tank guns, with limited traverse in casemate-style turretless hulls, in a general design format looking much like the Germans' own Jagdpanzer vehicles. This historical model assembly kit depicts the German Tank Destroyer Marder I. Based on the Panther chassis, the famous tank destroyer was produced from 1943 up until the end of the war in 1945. Low HP, Good DPM, Penetration 194, Damage 160, Reload time: 3.20, Precise, Fast, Small, Good mobility, High penetration. As manufacturing began in 1943, the 105/25 was used by German forces. In practice, such German attacks rarely happened. American tank destroyer battalions comprised three tank destroyer companies supported by nine security sections. After the Armistice of 1943, the 75/18 remained in use by German forces. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). The Marder I was one of the early German efforts to update a military that - despite crushing early successes against Poland and the Allied early in WWII - was in sore need of mechanization. About the German Tank Destroyer Marder III. Some were little more than stopgap solutions, mounting an anti-tank gun on a tracked vehicle to give mobility, while others were more sophisticated designs. A cut-down 17 pdr, the 77mmHV was used to equip the Comet tank in the last year of the war. Learn how and when to remove this template message, a few shots were expected to be fired from any firing position, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tank_destroyer&oldid=986895349, Articles needing additional references from March 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles needing additional references from July 2017, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Tankdestroyer.net (Web based United States tank destroyer forces information resource), This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 16:54. Throughout the war, only one battalion ever fought in an engagement like that originally envisaged (the 601st, at the Battle of El Guettar). The single-purpose tactics of the tank destroyer battalion failed to account for non-tank threats.[12]. Based on Pz.II. By 1944, a number of the Shermans in British use were being converted to Sherman Fireflies by adding the QF 17 pounder gun. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. The PTL02 is built on the 6×6 wheeled chassis of the WZ551 APC. The Germans made 88 of them and deployed them as fast as possible. Examples include the U.S. M901 ITV (Improved TOW Vehicle) and the Norwegian NM142, both on an M113 chassis, several Soviet ATGM launchers based on the BRDM reconnaissance car, the British FV438 Swingfire and FV102 Striker and the German Raketenjagdpanzer series built on the chassis of the HS 30 and Marder IFV. Its design was very similar to that of the World War II Jagdpanzer IV. "Gun Motor Carriage" redirects here. The closest the British came to developing an armored tank destroyer in the vein of the German Jagdpanzers or Soviet ISU series was the Churchill 3-inch Gun Carrier—a Churchill tank chassis with a boxy superstructure in place of the turret and mounting a 3-inch anti-aircraft gun. One of the more successful German tank destroyers was actually designed as a self-propelled artillery gun, the Sturmgeschütz III. Axworthy, Mark; Scafes, Cornel; Craciunoiu, Cristian (1995). Some were little more than stopgap solutions, mounting an anti-tank gun on a tracked vehicle to give mobility, while others were more sophisticated designs. IC, a Tier IV tank destroyer goes to the Supertest. Since World War II, gun-armed powerful tank destroyers have fallen out of favor as armies have favored multirole main battle tanks. The M36 Jackson GMC possessed the only American-origin operational gun that could rival the vaunted 88 mm German anti-tank ordnance, the 90 mm M3 gun, and the M36 remained in service well after World War II. During the last stages of the war, … WW2 German engineers came up with the idea of mounting an artillery gun on top of a tank chassis. When a tank destroyer was used against enemy tanks from a defensive position such as by ambush, the common lack of a rotating turret was not particularly critical, while the lower silhouette was highly desirable. China has developed the tracked PTZ89 and the wheeled PTL02 tank destroyers. As a result, they were of a somewhat extemporized nature. The Sturmgeschütz III from its 1938 origin used a new casemate-style superstructure with an integrated design, similar to the later Jagdpanzer vehicle designs' superstructure, to completely enclose the crew. All about the tank: hidden stats, armor, 3D model London: Arms and Armour. The Battle of the Bulge, a massive German counteroffensive in the frozen Ardennes forest, was the swan song of U.S. tank-destroyers. (National Archives) France, only three would be equipped with the Hellcat prior to landing in Normandy. The trade-off is typically in their platform. The decision of German armored vehicle designers to use a casemate-style superstructure for all tank destroyers had the advantage of a reduced silhouette, allowing the crew to more frequently fire from defilade ambush positions. They were first deployed to combat units in September 1944. Such designs were also easier and faster to manufacture and offered good crew protection from artillery fire and shell splinters. M18 crewmen from the 603d Tank Destroyer Battalion relax around their vehicle in Marnach, Luxembourg, 21 February 1945. 251 half-track. In the summer of 1941, Germany’s invasion of Russia was unfolding favorably for the Wehrmacht. Panzerjäger I. Introduced in mid-1944, the Jagdpanther, of which some 415 examples were produced, was considered the best of the casemate-design Jagdpanzer designs. [11] The open top and light armor made these tank destroyers vulnerable to anything greater than small-arms fire. [3][4] They were used as an anti-tank component of the reconnaissance units. Mounting the gun on the Valentine tank chassis in a fixed superstructure gave the Archer, looking somewhat like the light-chassis German Marder III in appearance. The Kanonenjagdpanzer (KanJPz; also known as Jagdpanzer Kanone 90mm, "tank destroyer, gun 90mm") was a German Cold War tank destroyer equipped with a 90mm anti-tank gun taken from obsolete M47 Patton tanks. A US Army combined arms battalion has two infantry companies with TOW missile-armed Bradley IFVs and can bring a large concentration of accurate and lethal fire to bear on an attacking enemy unit that uses AFVs. German Self-Propelled Artillery Guns of the Second World War . Among the early inspiration sources for the casemate shape and light tank accommodation, the Romanian Mareșal is often cited. There was extra impetus given to the development of anti-tank weaponry, which culminated in the 76mm Ordnance QF 17 pounder, widely considered one of the best anti-tank guns of the war.[13]. The 17 pounder was also used to re-equip the US-supplied M10 Tank Destroyer, replacing the American 3-inch gun to produce the 17pdr SP Achilles. Kliment, Charles K.; Francev, Vladimír (1997). The only turreted tank destroyer made by Romania was the Vânătorul de care R-35, created by extending the turret of the French Renault R-35 tank and adding to it a 45 mm gun instead of its 37 mm gun. The absence of a turret meant that tank destroyers could be manufactured significantly cheaper, faster, and more easily than the tanks on which they were based, and they found particular favor when production resources were lacking. The T86 and T86E1 amphibious tank destroyers, as well as the T87 105 mm (4.13 in) amphibious Howitzer Motor Carriage, the T88 105 mm (4.13 in) Howitzer Motor Carriage and the Super Hellcat mounting the turret from the M36 turret were all tested, but … With the weight of main battle tanks growing to the forty to seventy-tonne range, airborne forces were unable to deploy reasonable anti-tank forces. [5] The Jagdtiger featured a huge 128 mm PaK 44 cannon and heavy armor protection. British tanks in the early years of the war, both infantry and cruiser, were (with the exception of the pre-war Matilda I design) equipped with a gun capable of use against contemporary enemy tanks—the 40 mm Ordnance QF 2 pounder. German tanks, tank destroyers and assault guns in World War II: Panzer I, Panzer II, Tiger, Panther, Stug III, Jagdpanther, Marder, Jagdtiger, Panzer IV, Panzer 35(t). 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