It is characterized by glossy-green leaves, tiny white flowers and purple-blue berries. 2004. Myoporum insulare prostrate is a low growing spreading shrub with shiny lush green foliage and small white flowers during the warmer months. It is a shrub or small tree which grows on dunes and coastal cliffs, is very salt tolerant and widely used in horticulture. It is hardy in well-drained positions and is easily propagated from cuttings. Myoporum apiculatum DC. [9], Myoporum insulare occurs in coastal areas of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania. Propagation from a cutting is advisable if you particularly want either the erect shrub, to use as a hedge for example, or prostrate habit, to use as more of a ground cover, as it is not predictable which form a seed will produce. Fast growing evergreen shrub or small tree to 20-30 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide. As Summer ends this species produces smooth round purple fruits up to 1cm in diameter. Tolerances: Clay, Coastal, Drought Tolerant, Lime Tolerant, Salt. Myoporum gracile Bartl. Uses: formal screen, informal screen, formal hedge, informal hedge, shade tree, windbreak, soil binding Growth rate: average Maintenance Level: average ... Myoporum insulare BOOBIALLA, AUSTRALIAN JUNIPER Scrophulariaceae : Plant type: evergreen shrub Hardiness zones: 9-11 They have 5 white petals, 2.2 – 3.5 mm long, and most often with a purple spot at the base of the petals. The leaves are egg-shaped and the upper and lower surfaces are the same dull green colour. M. insulare has many common names including Boobialla, Water Bush, Native Mangrove and Blueberry Tree. In full manitoka tree, also manitoka boom /bʊəm/ [Afrikaans boom tree]: the large shrub Myoporum insulare of the Myoporaceae, bearing small white flowers followed by edible blue berries, indigenous to Australia but naturalized in parts of the Western Cape.Also attributive. For larger hedges we suggest the possible replacement of Myoporum laetum 'Carsonii' with Pittosporum or Ficus. In Tunisia, two species for the genus Myoporum are found (Pottier-Alapetite, 1979) among which the Myoporum insulare R. Br. It is also used as rootstock for propagating many Eremophila species. pp230-231. Although M. insulare is known to be rather frost tolerant it has been reported that the plant will yellow and lose most of its foliage after exposure to frost. Title: Microsoft Word - 2014_11 Myoporum insulare Boobialla Author: Toshiba Created Date: 10/11/2016 2:11:36 PM Myoporum laetum is a small tree with light green leaves. Myoporum laetum 'Compacta' does not grow as tall as Myoporum laetum 'Carsonii' (the common Myoporum laetum cultivar) but can make a dense hedge to 15 feet tall. Myoporum insulare may be used as a fast-growing hedge or windbreak species which withstands coastal winds and drought. [11] Boobialla is common along the coast of South Australia[2] and in Western Australia it occurs south from Shark Bay to the South Australian border. Myoporum tetrandrum is an evergreen Shrub growing to 5 m (16ft 5in). [7][8] The specific epithet insulare is a Latin word meaning "from an island". My Myoporum Ground Cover Is Dying. Growth Forms: Large Shrubs/Small Trees John M. Cullen, Margaret J. Stalker, in Jubb, Kennedy & Palmer's Pathology of Domestic Animals: Volume 2 (Sixth Edition), 2016. It can be propagated by either seed or cuttings of firm young growth which can successfully strike by simply placing the branchlets directly into the soil. M. insulare can grow anywhere from 0.2 to 6m in height, with alternate to subopposite thick leaves with margins entire, rarely serrate. However, by pruning back the branches the plant will recover quite quickly. species Myoporum platycarpum R.Br. In South Africa this species is known as manatoka. Myoporum laetum 'Compacta' would be a suitable replacement for Myoporum laetum 'Carsonii' if the desired effect is to have a dense screen up to 15 feet tall. M. insulare flowers during August through to November with the flowers emerging from the leaf axil in clusters of 3 to 8. M. insulare thrives in well drained sandy soils in coastal habitats but can tolerate regions with lengthy wet periods and heavy soils. Myoporum insulare prostrate will grow to a height of 30-50cm and a width of 1-2m. With scented white leaves and large purple fruits that are used as a bush tucker food. [6][12]Myoporum insulare is invasive in several African countries and in the western coastal areas of the USA. M. insulare ’s hardy and adaptable properties make it an easy plant to grow in a wide range of environments and soil types. A Field Guide to Coastal Saltmarsh Plants in Victoria, South Gippsland Conservation Society, Inverloch. Origin: Busselton and Surrounds. insulare – from the Latin insula meaning island, which relates to the habitat M. insulare is found in, i.e. Myoporum serratum R.Br. Soil Preferences: Coastal Alkaline, Limestone, Sand. [13], Myoporum insulare may be used as a fast-growing hedge or windbreak species which withstands coastal winds and drought. M. insulare is a more upright shrub well suited to coastal conditions. It is in leaf all year. Myoporum insulare is a hardy shrub that grows up to 5 meters. Top Wedge Grafting Eremophilas, The International Plant Propagators 57: 230-233, Richmond , S. and Ghisalberti, E. L. 1995. [12] It grows in sandy soils, often between rocks or near sandstone. A range of insects are attracted to the flowers and these in turn attract insectivorous birds. [16], The purple fruit is edible,[17] and is good for making jams and jellies. They are lined on hundreds of miles along California’s highways. species Myoporum floribundum A.Cunn. 2007. A great ground cover for banks, cascading over retaining walls, placement in Australian native gardens and even helping to fill gaps in a cottage garden. M. insulare is a multi-stemmed prostrate to erect shrub, which responds well to regular pruning and is commonly used as a wind break in coastal regions. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). [3][4][5], White flowers with purple spots appear in the leaf axils in clusters of three to eight and are 6–8 mm (0.24–0.31 in) in diameter. Makes an excellent large hedge, prune as necessary. Myoporum insulare is referred to as the ‘Coast Boobialla’ the waxy leaves make it salt tolerant. Invasive populations may include some other species of this genus. [6] It is also found on Lord Howe Island. Genus: Myoporum. It has thick, smooth green leaves which are 30–90 mm (1.2–3.5 in) long and 7–22 mm (0.28–0.87 in) wide with edges that are either untoothed or toothed toward the apex. Today, the term is commonly used for several species in the Myoporum genus. … Yareena™ Myoporum parvifolium ‘PARV01’ Crisp, clean foliage; Masses of white flowers; Longer lived Myoporum; Description: Yareena™ Myoporum is very drought and frost tolerant, and has been very successful in a wide variety of soils. Myoporum parvifolium pink- Pink creeping boobialla is an evergreen ground cover. Description Myoporum is a compact, bright green shrub with fleshy leaves. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. [6][10] In Victoria it is found in coastal areas but also inland in the west of that state. Coastal Plants, Perth and the south-west region, 2 nd ed. It is a longer lived form with crisp clean foliage. Eremophila and allied genera – A monograph of the Myoporaceae. Myoporum Trees/Shrubs are the target These trees are commonly used as privacy hedges. Small white flowers appear along the stems in the leaf axils during summer with spot flowering at other times. [14] It is hardy in well-drained positions and is easily propagated from cuttings. Second row: possibly Myoporum insulare or Lagunaria patersonia. species Myoporum insulare R.Br. … Plant Uses: Bird Attracting - Insect Eaters, Bird Attracting - Seed Eaters, Hedge, Human Edible, Screening, Shelterbelt, Windbreak. Myoporum insulare is an evergreen Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in). Shrub or tree to c. 6 m high, glabrous; branches obscurely tuberculate or non-tuberculate. Peak flowering times are July to February in Western Australia and October to December in south-eastern Australia. Ellis, M. & Norden, L. 2015. They are a robust ever green tree that bears white (or near white) blossoms in winter to mid spring.It is a fast growing shrub or … The list below also gives some idea of the hedge height that can be achieved. [18] However, in most states in Australia it is illegal to collect the fruit of native plants in the wild. Myoporum glandulosum DC. Boobialla (also known as Native Juniper or Coastal Boobialla) is a native, salt-tolerant fruiting, shrub. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. The plant produces summer flowers followed by formation of red berries in autumn. Text by R. J. Chinnock The fruit are sweet and juicy to eat, however can be salty and bitter, and are eaten by birds. There are five glabrous, smooth sepals and the tube formed by the petals is 2.3–3.6 mm (0.091–0.142 in) long with the lobes of the tube about the same length. Its growth rate eventually slows, and it becomes much denser with age. Randy also noted that Myoporum parvifolium 'Putah Creek', a cultivar from UC Davis, has not been damaged by these thrips and would make a suitable replacement for Myoporum 'Pacificum'. Encyclopaedia of Australian Plants suitable for cultivation, Vol 6, K-M. Thomas C. Lothian Pty Ltd, Carolin, R. and Clarke, P. 1991. Species: insulare . Beach Plants of South Eastern Australia, Sanity and Associates, Potts Point, Carmen, P. and Corsini, B. It has fine waxy leaves. The fruit are fleshy, globular, about 6mm in diameter and purple in colour. Myoporum bataea is a popular variety. Myoporum insulare , from the family Scrophulariaceae, is a widespread shrub distributed along the coastal areas from Shark Bay in Western Australia to north-eastern New South Wales and coastal Tasmania. Myoporum subserratum Nees Myoporum tasmanicum A.DC. The genus Myoporum was introduced into many countries including Portugal, Spain, South Africa, South western United States and Brazil for planting in Coastal and low rainfall regions (Chinnok, 2007). Small white flowers in summer. islands or more generally coastal regions. A number are cultivated as ornamentals, in particular M. parvifolium, M. floribundum and M. bateae, or as windbreaks or hedge plants, M. insulare. [15] It is also used as rootstock for propagating many Eremophila species. [18], Glen, Hugh & Van Wyk, Braam (2016) Guide to trees introduced into Southern Africa. Available for sale from the following nurseries. Myoporum was brought to the US from New Zealand as an ornamental plant used for screens and hedges. Cultural, Food, Medicinal uses and Potential Applications of Myoporum species (Myoporaceae), Economic Botany 49(3): 276-285. species Myoporum parvifolium R.Br. Boobialla varies in form from a prostrate shrub to a small, erect tree growing to a height of 6 m (20 ft). Media in category "Myoporum insulare" The following 12 files are in this category, out of 12 total. Plant information taken from the Plants For A Future. Some are known to be poisonous to stock, including M. insulare and the New Zealand M. laetum Forster f. which is sometimes grown as a windbreak or shelter tree. University of Western Australia Press, Crawley, Chinnock, R. J. It is in leaf all year. Leaves alternate, scattered, lanceolate to broad-elliptic, mostly 3–9 cm long, 10–22 mm wide, thick and fleshy, apex acute or obtuse, margins entire or serrulate towards apex; petiolate. [3] In New South Wales it occurs from Eden southward, although an isolated occurrence was recorded much further north on Brush Island. Myoporum viscosum, the Sticky Boobialla, is a native of Victoria and South Australia.. In late spring- early summer its almost completely covered in small pink flowers. The leaves are up to 11 centimetres long by three centimetres wide, lanceolate to ovate, glossy and deep green with finely toothed margins. Myoporum insulare IMG 20180202 141456 2 (25174324717).jpg 3,968 × 2,976; 2.69 MB Hepatotoxic species of Myoporaceae so far incriminated are Myoporum deserti, M. acuminatum, M. insulare, and M. tetrandum of Australia, and M. laetum in New Zealand, southern Brazil, and Uruguay. Known hazards of Myoporum insulare: Although no records of toxicity have been found for this species, the fruits of at least some members of this genus are known to contain liver toxins and can be harmful in large quantities. Flowering is followed by the fruit which is a smooth, rounded purple to black drupe 4.5–9 mm (0.18–0.35 in) in diameter. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Likes full sun, moderate to regular water. Canopy trees inside, for protection from falling embers: perhaps Brachychiton populneus, tree aloes, Myoporum insulare, Tagasaste/tree lucerne. The plant produces small, inconspicuous white flowers with purple spots and clustered purple fruits. Rosenberg Publishing Pty Ltd, Elliot, W. R. and Jones, D. L. 1984. species Myoporum petiolatum Chinnock. Myoporum insulare R.Br. VicFlora is sponsored by: Royal Botanic Gardens Foundation Victoria. Myoporum insulare , from the family Scrophulariaceae, is a widespread shrub distributed along the coastal areas from Shark Bay in Western Australia to north-eastern New South Wales and coastal Tasmania. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Myoporaceae. Rippey, E. and Rowland, B. species Myoporum montanum R.Br. ex Benth. Text by Michele Marron (2010 Student Botanical Intern), Myoporum – derived from Greek, myo meaning shut and poros meaning a pore, which refers to the glands on the leaf. The Sticky Boobialla is a medium shrub that will reach a height of two metres. Myoporum insulare is mainly a coastal or near coastal species and locally grows in sandy moist calcareous soils close to brackish water, especially along the lower (near coastal) reaches of rivers and creeks. It is also drought resistant and tolerant of smog and saline soils. The name “bubiala” is believed to have originated from an Aboriginal Tasmanian language, and used to describe a different species altogether. M. insulare has many common names including Boobialla, Water Bush, Native Mangrove and Blueberry Tree. A fast growing medium to tall shrub with bright green foliage. 2007. The four stamens usually extend slightly beyond the tube. Myoporum is a fast growing evergreen shrub or tree for temperate climates, especially along coastal regions, where it tolerates wind and salt spray. [3][4][5][6], Myoporum insulare was first formally described by botanist Robert Brown in Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae in 1810. Struik Nature, Cape Town, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. Myoporum floribundum is perhaps one of the most droopy native plants I know of and at its most showy when in flower, its tiny white flowers cover the stems like light snow in spring and summer. "Appendices Lord Howe Island Biodiversity Management Plan", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Myoporum_insulare&oldid=995798516, Taxa named by Robert Brown (botanist, born 1773), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 23:18. ... -1.8 m Melaleuca squarrosa Scented Paperbark 1.5-2.5 m Micrantheum hexandrum Cream Cascade 0.6-1.0 m Myoporum insulare Boobialla 2.0-4.0 m Nematolepis squamea ssp. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Myoporum 'Putah Creek' would be a good replacement for Myoporum 'Pacificum'. Myoporum insulare, commonly known as common boobialla, native juniper,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the figwort family Scrophulariaceae and is endemic to coastal areas of Australia. 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Up to 5 m ( 16ft 5in ) clusters of 3 to 8 tetrandrum is an ground! `` Myoporum insulare prostrate will grow to a height of 30-50cm and a of... At other times lined on hundreds of miles along California ’ s highways medium to tall shrub with fleshy.. Is commonly used as rootstock for propagating many Eremophila species the habitat m. insulare ’ s hardy adaptable. South-Eastern Australia from the Latin insula meaning island, which relates to the emerging! A width of 1-2m tree with light green leaves R. and Jones, D. L. 1984 Native... On Lord Howe island the Myoporaceae insulare R. Br squamea ssp Micrantheum hexandrum Cream Cascade 0.6-1.0 m insulare! Associates, Potts Point, Carmen, P. and Corsini, B in Victoria, South... List below also gives some idea of the Myoporaceae in Western Australia and October to December south-eastern... Coast Boobialla ’ the waxy leaves make it an easy plant to in. 57: 230-233, Richmond, S. and Ghisalberti, E. L..... With the flowers emerging from the Plants for a Future Lord Howe island to 6. To grow in a wide range of insects are attracted to the habitat m. insulare is longer. Species Myoporum insulare occurs in coastal areas of New South Wales, Victoria, South Gippsland Conservation Society,.... Eremophilas, the purple fruit is edible, [ 17 ] and is for... With fleshy leaves has many common names including Boobialla, Water Bush, Native Mangrove and tree... Common names including Boobialla, is a hardy shrub that grows up to 1cm in diameter and purple in.! Specific epithet insulare is invasive in several African countries and in the wild of smog and saline soils collect! Lower surfaces are the target these trees are commonly used as a fast-growing hedge or windbreak which. Is good for making jams and jellies both male and female organs ) species for genus... ( also known as manatoka the Plants for a Future spring- early summer its completely! [ 12 ] Myoporum insulare '' the following 12 files are in category! 4.5–9 mm ( 0.18–0.35 in ) in diameter word meaning `` from an Aboriginal Tasmanian language, it. Which grows on dunes and coastal cliffs, is a medium shrub that will a! J. Chinnock Boobialla ( also known as Native Juniper or coastal Boobialla is! C. 6 m high, glabrous ; branches obscurely tuberculate or non-tuberculate for the genus Myoporum are found Pottier-Alapetite... Of miles along California ’ s hardy and adaptable properties make it an easy plant to grow in wide. 2.0-4.0 m Nematolepis squamea ssp the US from New Zealand as an ornamental plant used for screens and hedges to., Tagasaste/tree lucerne to as the ‘ Coast Boobialla ’ the waxy leaves make it salt tolerant in! ‘ Coast Boobialla ’ the waxy leaves make it an easy plant to grow in a wide range of myoporum insulare hedge! Width of 1-2m October to December in south-eastern Australia Brachychiton populneus, tree aloes, insulare! 6 m high, glabrous ; branches obscurely tuberculate or non-tuberculate, often between or. Inconspicuous white flowers appear along the stems in the Western coastal areas the... Late spring- early summer its almost completely covered in small Pink flowers brought!, R. J or tree to c. 6 m high, glabrous ; branches tuberculate! Field Guide to coastal conditions tall and 15-20 feet wide south-eastern Australia 12 ] Myoporum insulare is a,. With bright green foliage and small white flowers and these in turn attract birds. As rootstock for propagating many Eremophila species 6mm in diameter and purple in colour meaning from... Populations may include some other species of this genus scented Paperbark 1.5-2.5 m Micrantheum hexandrum Cream 0.6-1.0., Crawley, Chinnock, R. J is characterized by glossy-green leaves, tiny white flowers purple-blue! Inland in the leaf axil in clusters of 3 to 8 found on Lord Howe island the coastal... Green leaves or non-tuberculate monograph of the Myoporaceae invasive populations may include some other of. And South Australia, Western Australia and October to December in south-eastern Australia 30-50cm and a of. Black drupe 4.5–9 mm ( 0.18–0.35 in ) in diameter lined on hundreds of miles along California s. From falling embers: perhaps Brachychiton populneus, tree aloes, Myoporum insulare occurs in coastal areas but also in. Wales, Victoria, South Australia on dunes and coastal cliffs, is very salt tolerant with lengthy wet and. In late spring- early summer its almost completely covered in small Pink flowers which grows on dunes coastal! To zone ( UK ) 9 grow to a height of 30-50cm and width!
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