Karen 12. These experts assign names to hurricanes according to a formal list of names that is approved before the start of each hurricane season. The U.S. National Hurricane Center started this … Imelda 10. Power lines and poles could also be … For example, on the 2007 list the names Dean, Felix and Noel were replaced with Dorian, Fernand and Nestor for the 2013 list. Humberto 9. Category 1 hurricanes do not cause much damage to the framework of well-constructed houses but might damage the roof, vinyl sidings, shingles, and gutters. Van 21. Andrea 2. Hurricane names are chosen by the World Meteorological Organization. In 1978, meteorologists watching storms in the eastern North Pacific began using men's names for half of the storms. Fran was the sixth named storm of the 1996 hurricane season. For example, "Katrina" has been retired from the name list and will not be used again. The latest in the year for a hurricane to strike the nation was on November 24 with … In the Atlantic Ocean, tropical storms that reach a sustained wind speed of 39 miles per hour are given a name, such as "Tropical Storm Fran." Well, kind of. If you've ever wondered how tropical systems get their names you are not alone: While the answer to why a hurricane is given a certain name is rather simple, the history behind the naming of storms is far from it. A pressure of 26.35 inches measured at Long Key, Florida makes this the most intense hurricane of record to hit the United States and the third most intense hurricane of record in the Atlantic basin (surpassed only by the 26.05 inches in Hurricane Wilma in 2005 and 26.22 inches observed in Hurricane … There are normally fewer than 21 named tropical storms in any calendar year. The last season to use the Greek alphabet was the 2005 hurricane season, the busiest season to date. The only time that there is a change in the list is if a storm is so deadlyor costly that the future use of its name o… Fast forward to present day and the reason we have names such as Gaston, Humberto and Fred is because these French, Spanish and English names represent the languages most commonly used across the Atlantic Basin. Using names for these storms makes it much easier for meteorologists, researchers, emergency response workers, ship captains and citizens to communicate about specific hurricanes and be clearly understood. Hurricane Frances: Satellite image of a hurricane named "Frances" as it approaches Florida. Some hurricane names like Katrina are infamous, but what goes into naming storms and how did that process begin? Hurricane Sandy, Hurricane Katrina… The names of hurricanes often carry a lot of history. Nestor 15. The names go in alphabetical order (the first one starts with the letter A, the second with the letter B, and so on, skipping Q, U, X, Y, and Z) and alternate between traditionally female names and traditionally male ones. Tropical storms in other basins such as the eastern and western Pacific Ocean are also given names. A list of hurricane names that have been retired since the current name list system was established in 1979 is shown on this webpage. The lists of storm names are revisited regularly, and names of deadly storms are often retired. This is done when a hurricane causes so much death and destruction that reuse of the same name would be insensitive to the people who suffered losses. So every year the World Meteorological Organization puts out a list of 21 hurricane names in alphabetical order. (CNN)As Hurricane Isaias continues the record-setting pace of the 2020 Atlantic Ocean hurricane season as the earliest ninth storm in the season since 2005, the proper pronunciation of the storm's name as provided by the National Hurricane Center (ees-ah-EE-ahs) has generated interest. For the Atlantic hurricane names, there are six lists which are reused every six years. Some examples of names that have been retired include Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Maria, Nate, Katrina, Rita, Gustav, Florence, and Michael. In fact, there were so many storms that we exhausted the list of predetermined names for the season, and had to resort to using the Greek alphabet. Names are assigned to storms in alphabetical order as the storms occur.In other words… Once this practice started, hurricane names quickly became part of common language, and public awareness of hurricanes increased dramatically. There are six lists of names for Atlantic and Pacific storms. During even-numbered years, men's names were given to the odd-numbered storms and during odd-numbered years, women's names were given to odd-numbered storms (see the table for recent name lists). Visit the National Hurricane Center to see lists and pronunciations of the names used in these areas. Erin 6. Gabrielle 8. Hurricane names aren't random—they've been decided years in advance. If the storm reaches a sustained wind speed of 74 miles per hour, it is called a hurricane - such as "Hurricane Fran." Hurricane names alternate in gender - male, female, male, female, etc. Katrina (2005) Katrina formed over the Southeastern Bahamas and passed over land into the Gulf of … A table listing the 24 Greek names is shown on this page. 2022 Hurricane Season The lists include storms in both the Atlantic Basin (Gulf and East Coast hurricanes) and Eastern North-Pacific (Pacific Island and West Coast hurricanes). Navy and Air Force meteorologists began naming tropical systems after girlfriends and wives as an easy method to keep track of multiple storms. Pablo 17. Tropical storms occur in the Pacific Ocean, and meteorologists working there have developed naming systems for them. In addition to retirements, there are a few names that were simply changed. These names were difficult to remember, difficult to communicate and subject to errors. In 1950, the National Hurricane … For that reason, the World Meteorological Organization develops a list of names that are assigned in alphabetical order to tropical storms as they are discovered in each hurricane season. Every six years, the lists of names repeat (not including the names of particularly destructive storms, which are retired). 1. 1. The list now alternates gendered names. Atlantic Pronunciation Guide (PDF) Since 1953, Atlantic tropical storms had been named from lists originatedby the National Hurricane Center. There are exactly six lists of names in the Atlantic system, with each list used in rotation every six years. This was a record-breaking year with devastating hurricanes including Katrina, Rita … Dorian 5. It was so destructive that the name "Fran" was retired from use. They are now maintained and updated througha strict procedure by an international committee of the World Meteorological Organization. Forecasters learned that short, distinctive names for tropical storms and hurricanes improved communication and helped avoid confusion. In the event that a season is exceptionally busy and there are more than 21 named storms in a season the Greek alphabet will be used. The name "Frances" was retired after the hurricane caused major damage in 2004. Home » Geologic Hazards » Hurricane Names. Hurricane Fran was a large, powerful, destructive hurricane that made landfall near Cape Fear, North Carolina on September 5, 1996. In fact, according the travel publication Atlas Obscura, the unofficial naming of tropical systems dates back to the 1850s, before any weather agency, and it was fraught with. The word "hurricane" itself comes from the Taino Indigenous Caribbean word hurakán, meaning evil spirits of the wind. The 2019 hurricane season hit hard. Melissa 14. For that reason, the World Meteorological Organization develops a list of names that are assigned in alphabetical order to tropical storms as they are discovered in each hurricane season. Barry 3. How to pronounce Hurricane Isaias the right way, Hurricane Isaias lashes the Bahamas as it heads toward Florida. So, hurricanes are not given names, tropical storms are given names, and they retain their name if they develop into a hurricane. Satellite image by NASA. Hurricanes for 2022 are named from the tropical storm they developed from. When that happens the World Meteorological Organization replaces the name. The World Meteorological Organization maintains the lists of names for tropical storms around the world. The names used for recent and future Atlantic storms are listed in the table on this page. The names of destructive hurricanes are retired. Jerry 11. The National Hurricane Center has released the list of names for the 2020 through 2024 seasons. This year was the most active Atlantic hurricane season on record—we saw a whopping 30 named storms. We ran out of Hurricane names. Mobile homes that are unanchored might also be toppled. Here is the full list of names chosen for the year for storms in the Atlantic and Eastern North Pacific Ocean, and which ones actually became fully formed hurricanes. Olga 16. Learn the organization in charge of the names, and how they choose them. Lorenzo 13. So 2020 started with Arthur, ended with Wilfred. The use of the Greek alphabet (Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Epsilon, Zeta, Eta, Theta, etc) has only happened once before in 2005, when six names from the Greek Alphabet were used. Of course, if devastating enough, the storm name is then retired and replaced with another name starting with the identical letter. Category 1 hurricanes produce dangerous winds that have speeds of about 119-153 km/h. The first tropical storm of the year was given the name beginning with the letter "A," the second with the letter "B" and so on through the alphabet. Name lists for these tropical storms have been compiled by the National Hurricane Center and can be viewed on their website. Next up in 2020: hurricanes named using the Greek alphabet. 2. There are also separate lists for typhoons in the western Pacific. Separate naming systems are maintained for Eastern North Pacific Storms and Central North Pacific Storms. 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